Différences entre les versions de « Utilisateur:Dr.mbl/Brouillon/Sociobiologie. Une introduction/Chapitre 5 - Panorama critique »

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[[w:fr:William_Donald_Hamilton|William Donald Hamilton]]</br>
[[w:fr:Pierre Jaisson|Pierre Jaisson]]</br>
[[w:fr:Robert Trivers|Robert Trivers]] ForgéA forgé l'expression succès reproducteur (reproductive success pour remplacer inclusive fitness en raison de la connotation physique du terme fitness. {{citation|''Over the preceding hundred years, ever since Darwin, fitness was used in this dual sense, and people slipped back and forth between fitness meaning simply reproductive success, or something that could be judged separately, like physically fit. So I coined the term reproductive success simply because it was more accurate. It caught on, and yet Hamilton who preceded me had already chosen 'inclu­sive fitness', and nobody, including me, uses 'inclusive reproductive success'. So we have parallel langua­ge usage. I do like the term reproductive success though, and I have no doubt that in teaching students it is beneficial to use that term, and not to use the term fitness''. }} [http://www.froes.dds.nl/TRIVERS.htm Entrevue conduite par Roes en 1995] Autre exemple souvent cité : {{citation|''Tôt ou tard, la science politique, le droit, l'économie, la psychologie, la psychiatrie et l'anthropologie seront autant de branches de la sociobiologie''.}} Note «'' Sooner or later, political science, law, economics, psychology, psychiatry and anthropology will all be branches of sociobiology'' » Cité par Davis, C. 1981:531 et par Gould, S.J. 1977:533. Texte original dans Time, Why You Do What You Do Sociobiology A New Theory Of Behavior August 1, 1977:54 [http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,915181,00.html] {{FCR}} ou [http://joelvelasco.net/teaching/2890/time77-WhyYouDoWhatYouDo.pdf pdf printout]
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[[w:en:David Sloan Wilson|David Sloan Wilson]]</br>
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